What are different approaches for reclamation in deep water region and shallow water region?

RECLAMATION BASICS AND TUTORIALS
Civil Engineering Tutorials


To illustrate the different approaches adopted for reclamation in deep water and shallow water region, the following example is used:

In deepwater region, consider the seabed level is –8.5mPD. After laying of geotextiles and 1.5m thick sand blanket, the top level of sand blanket is about –7mPD. Split barges are deployed for dumping public fill to –2.5mPD.

Afterwards, end dipping of public fill by trucks will be carried out up to +2.5mPD which is the designed reclamation level. Between level –2.5mPD and +2.5mPD, it is too shallow for split barges to enter the water, thus the method of end dipping is used instead.

For shallow water region, the seabed level is taken as –5.5mPD in this example. With the laying of geotextiles and 1.5m sand blanket into position, the top level of sand blanket is about –4mPD.

In this case, split barges are also used for reclamation work between the level –4mPD and –2.5mPD. After that, if end dipping is used for reclamation work above –2.5mPD, then in considering the relative thin layer of fill above seabed (1.5m sand blanket + 1.5m sand blanket), it stands a high chance that mud wave would occur in seabed.

Therefore, half-loaded derrick barges are employed for reclamation up to level 0mPD. With a thicker layer of public fill now, end dipping can then be used for reclamation between 0mPD and +2.5mPD.

This above reclamation sequence is just an example to demonstrate the different considerations for reclamation in deep water and shallow water region.

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