WHAT IS CIVIL ENGINEERING?

INFORMATION ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING
All About Civil Engineering


Civil engineering involves the planning, designing laying out and constructing of buildings, railroads, highways, bridges, tunnels. They also work closely with architects and environmental engineers. 

Since civil engineering is very broad, civil engineering jobs are dependant on each chosen specialisation taken by the engineer at University. However for these specialisations there are usually three functions that are performed by the civil engineer. The planning( includes feasibility studies and designs), pre development(actually working on site making sure safety and all procedures are being followed correctly) and post development.

About the middle of 18th century when more attention was paid towards the building and roads and bridges etc, for civil purpose only, a new class of engineers developed who began to be called "civil engineers".

The institution of engineering in its charter in 1828 as the act of directing the great souses of power in nature for the use and convenience of man, as the means of production and of traffic in state, both for external and internal trade. 

This definition covered almost all the branches of engineering which have now developed separate entity. In early 19th century due to the growing emphasis on specialization numerous groups and sub-divisions of engineering like mechanical, mining and electrical engineering etc, came into being. With the growth of these branches of engineering the scope of civil engineering has been restricted.

Civil engineering now concerns only with the design and construction of roads, railways, bridges, canals, docks, ports, harbours, lighthouses, drainage works and break water

Civil engineering includes the planning, designing, construction, and maintenance of structures and altering geography to suit human needs. Some of the numerous subdivisions are transportation (e.g., railroad facilities and highways); hydraulics (e.g., river control, irrigation, swamp draining, water supply, and sewage disposal); and structures (e.g., buildings, bridges, and tunnels).
Civil Engineering fields also includes the following specialisations:
•  Structural engineering 
•  Geotechnical engineering 
•  Environmental engineering 
•  Transportation engineering

And other fields as:
Construction engineering
Earthquake engineering
Environmental engineering
Geotechnical engineering
Water resources engineering
Materials engineering
Structural engineering
Transportation engineering

Tune in to this blog for more post and tutorials about Civil Engineering.

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