WIND LOADS ON ROOFS DESIGN AND CALCULATIONS BASIC AND TUTORIALS

WIND LOADS ON ROOFS DESIGN AND CALCULATIONS BASIC INFORMATION
Wind Load Calculations On Roofs For Design


Wind Loads Calculation
Wind loads are randomly applied dynamic loads. The intensity of the wind pressure on the surface of a structure depends on wind velocity, air density, orientation of the structure, area of contact surface, and shape of the structure.

Because of the complexity involved in defining both the dynamic wind load and the behavior of an indeterminate steel structure when subjected to wind loads, the design criteria adopted by building codes and standards have been based on the application of an equivalent static wind pressure.

This equivalent static design wind pressure p (psf) is defined in a general sense by
p = qGCp (9.136)

where q velocity pressure, psf
G gust response factor to account for fluctuations in wind speed
Cp pressure coefficient or shape factor that reflects the influence of the wind on the various parts of a structure

Velocity pressure is computed from
qz = 0.00256 KzKztKdV^2I (9.137)


where Kz velocity exposure coefficient evaluated at height z
Kzt topographic factor
Kd wind directionality factor
I importance factor
V basic wind speed corresponding to a 3-s gust speed at 33 ft above
the ground in exposure C


Velocity pressures due to wind to be used in building design vary with type of terrain, distance above ground level, importance of building, likelihood of hurricanes, and basic wind speed recorded near the building site.

The wind pressures are assumed to act horizontally on the building area projected on a vertical plane normal to the wind direction.

ASCE 7 permits the use of either Method I or Method II to define the design wind loads. Method I is a simplified procedure and may be used for enclosed or partially enclosed buildings.

ASCE 7 Method II is a rigorous computation procedure that accounts for the external, and internal pressure variation as well as gust effects. The following is the general equation for computing the design wind pressure, p:
p = qGCp qi(GCpt) (9.138)

where q and qi velocity pressure as given by ASCE 7
G gust effect factor as given by ASCE 7
Cp external pressure coefficient as given by ASCE 7
GCpt internal pressure coefficient as given by ASCE 7

Codes and standards may present the gust factors and pressure coefficients in different formats. Coefficients from different codes and standards should not be mixed.


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