FIRE PROTECTION CONCEPT OF BUILDINGS BASICS AND TUTORIALS

FIRE PROTECTION CONCEPT OF BUILDINGS BASIC INFORMATION
Importance Of Building Fire Protection


Although fires in buildings can be avoided, they nevertheless occur. Some of the reasons for this are human error, arson, faulty electrical equipment, poor maintenance of heating equipment, and natural causes, such as lightning.

Consequently, buildings should be designed to minimize the probability of a fire and to protect life and limit property damage if a fire should occur. The minimum steps that should be taken for the purpose are as follows:

1. Limit potential fire loads, with respect to both combustibility and ability to generate smoke and toxic gases.

2. Provide means for prompt detection of fires, with warnings to occupants who may be affected and notification of the presence of fire to fire fighters.

3. Communication of instructions to occupants as to procedures to adopt for safety, such as to staying in place, proceeding to a designated refuge area, or evacuating the building.

4. Provide means for early extinguishment of any fire that may occur, primarily by automatic sprinklers but also by trained fire fighters.

5. Make available also for fire fighting an adequate water supply, appropriate chemicals, adequate-size piping, conveniently located valves on the piping, hoses, pumps, and other equipment necessary.

6. Prevent spread of fire from building to building, either through adequate separation or by enclosure of the building with incombustible materials.

7. Partition the interior of the building with fire barriers, or divisions, to confine a fire to a limited space.

8. Enclose with protective materials structural components that may be damaged by fire (fireproofing).

9. Provide refuge areas for occupants and safe evacuation routes to outdoors.

10. Provide means for removal of heat and smoke from the building as rapidly as possible without exposing occupants to these hazards, with the air-conditioning system, if one is present, assisting the removal by venting the building and by pressurizing smokeproof towers, elevator shafts, and other exits.

11. For large buildings, install standby equipment for operation in emergencies of electrical systems and elevators.

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