EARTHQUAKE LOAD CRITERIA SELECTION TUTORIALS


In IBC 2000, the following basic information is required to determine the seismic loads:

1. Seismic Use Group According to the nature of Building Occupancy, each structure is assigned a Seismic Use Group (I, II, or III) and a corresponding Occupancy Importance (I) factor (I = 1.0, 1.25, or 1.5).

Seismic Use Group I structures are those not assigned to either Seismic Use Group II or III. Seismic Use Group II are structures whose failure would result in a substantial public hazard due to occupancy or use.

Seismic Use Group III is assigned to structures for which failure would result in loss of essential facilities required for post-earthquake recovery and those containing substantial quantities of hazardous substances.

2. Site Class Based on the soil properties, the site of building is classified as A, B, C, D, E, or F to reflect the soil-structure interaction. Refer to IBC 2000 for Site Class definition.

3. Spectral Response Accelerations SS and S1 The spectral response seismic design maps reflect seismic hazards on the basis of contours. They provide the maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration at short period SS and at 1-second period S1. They are for Site Class B, with 5% of critical damping. Refer to the maps in IBC 2000.

4. Basic Seismic-Force-Resisting System Different types of structural system have different energy-absorbing characteristic. A response modification coefficient R is used to account for these characteristics.

Systems with higher ductility have higher R values. With the above basic parameters available, the following design and analysis criteria can be determined.

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